NDA Syllabus and Interview Tips for 2021

NDA Syllabus and Interview Tips for 2021

The UPSC decides the National Defence Academy (NDA) syllabus. If aspirants want to join the Indian Defense Force, they must know the most recent NDA exam format and syllabus.

The National Defense Academy (NDA) is a defence admission test used to recruit qualified candidates for the Navy, Indian Army and the Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC) and Air Force Wings of the National Defense Academy. The Union Public Service Commission published the NDA 2 2021 notification on its official website for June 9, 2021.

Have a look at the complete NDA syllabus.

National Defence Academy Syllabus

In the official notice of the test, the Union Public Service Commission specifies the syllabus in full with the details.

In general, the NDA syllabus is separated into two sections: mathematics and general awareness. However, it is not as simple as it appears because the NDA General Awareness portion covers six areas described further in the article.

NDA Mathematics Syllabus

Candidates for the Mathematics NDA Syllabus must be proficient in math up to the 12th grade. This component assesses the applicants’ ability to calculate.

NDA Syllabus For Mathematics
Mathematics Topic NDA Topic-wise syllabus
Algebra Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, relation, equivalence relation.

Real numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals and vice-versa.

Arithmetic, Harmonic and Geometric progressions.

Quadratic equations, Permutation and Combination, Linear inequations, Binomial theorem and Complex numbers.

Calculus Real-valued function concept, range and graph of a function.

Composite functions and inverse functions.

Standard limits, the notion of limit, algebraic operations on continuous functions and Continuity of functions.

Product and quotient of functions, the derivative of a function with respect to another function, the derivative of a composite function.

Matrices and Determinants Operations on matrices, Types of matrices. Determinant of a matrix.  Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix.
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations Integration as inverse of differentiation, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions.

Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.

Formation of a differential equation by examples and Definition of order and degree of a differential equation.

General and particular solution of differential equations.

Trigonometry Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians.

Trigonometric ratios and identities, its difference and Sum formula.

Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

Vector Algebra Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector.

Addition of vectors, Unit and null vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, dot product or scalar product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors.

Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system.

Distance formula.

Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form.

Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.

Eccentricity and axis of a conic.

Direction Cosines and direction ratios.

Equation of a sphere.

Statistics and Probability Probability. Complementary, elementary and composite events.

Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples.

Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem.

Binomial distribution and its examples.

Now that we have a complete NDA curriculum for the mathematics segment let us look at how questions are distributed throughout different areas in the test.

Mathematics Topics for NDA  Number of Questions
Probability 10
Complex number 10-15
Calculus 20-25
Quadratic equation 20-15
Matrices & Determinants 30
Trigonometry 30

NDA General Ability Test Syllabus

The General Ability Test of the NDA Syllabus is split up into two sections. Part A assesses applicants’ English ability, while Part B assesses candidates’ General Knowledge on various topics or subjects.

GAT English NDA Syllabus

The NDA English syllabus includes themes such as vocabulary, grammar and use, understanding, and cohesiveness.

To begin with, Below is the topic of the English section of the NDA curriculum that is regularly asked in the examination:

  • Grammar and usage
  • Comprehension and cohesion
  • Spotting of errors
  • Para Jumbling
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Synonyms and antonyms
  • Vocabulary
  • Cloze test
  • Sentence correction and improvement
  • Idioms and proverbs
  • Completion of Sentence and Para

GAT- General Awareness/ General Knowledge – NDA Syllabus

The NDA syllabus’s General Knowledge section includes questions from  Chemistry, Physics, History, Geography, General Science and Current Events. Let us see the detailed syllabus of each segment.

NDA Physics Syllabus 

States of Matter and its properties, Magnet and its properties,  Motion and Laws of Motion, Work Energy, and Power and Modes of Transfer of Heat and its effect.

NDA Chemistry Syllabus

Physical and Chemical Changes, Atom and its structure, Fertilisers, Air and water (Properties), Chemical equations and Laws of Chemical Combination, Elements, Compounds, Magnet and its properties, Mixtures and Acids, Bases, and Salts.

NDA History Syllabus

Nationalism in India, Five year Plan of India, Indian History: Culture and Civilization, French, Russian, and Industrial Revolution, United Nations and the Concept of one World, Renaissance and Discovery, Teaching of Mahatma Gandhi, Democracy of India, Constitution and Administration of India.

NDA Geography Syllabus

Earth and its Movement (Latitudes and Longitudes), The atmosphere and Atmospheric Pressure, Regional Geography of India, Types of Climate, Rocks and its classification, Agricultural and Industries, Transportation and Trading routes of India, Imports and Exports of India, etc.

NDA General Science 

Reproduction in Plants and Animals, Epidemics: causes and preventions, Human Body and Life processes, Food and Balanced Diet, Solar System, Achievement of Eminent Scientists, Living and Non-Living Things.

Current Affairs 

Current and Important World Events, Important and Recent Events in India and Important India or Non-India Personalities related to Cultural Activities and Sports.

NDA 2021 Interview Tips

Here are some NDA Preparation Tips to assist you to succeed on the exam:

  • Check your understanding of the NDA 2021 information and exam design.
  • Don’t forget to consult the NCERT books for categories 11 and 12.
  • Get familiar with the essential formulae/ideas of Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry.
  • Plan a preparation strategy and complete as many NDA practise Papers as possible.
  • Aim for reading comprehension, basic grammar, and vocabulary in the English part.  Review fundamental grammatical principles from a trustworthy source.
  • Pay close attention to current events and current affairs that generate news.
  • Make sure you are aware of Bharat’s political and historical circumstances.
  • If necessary, get assistance from coaching centres; however, ensure they have a respectable track record.


It would be best if you prepared for the NDA examination by carefully following the syllabus. Refer to previous year question papers and cut-off marks and prepare meticulously for the exam to pass with flying colours.

CATEGORIES : Education


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